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14.An exhibit must include S if which of the following
is true?
(A)T is included in the exhibit.
(B)T is not included in the exhibit.
(C)H is the only landscape included in the exhibit.
(D)U is included in the exhibit.
(E)The exhibit includes either F or G, but not both.

15.If U is undergoing restoration and is not available to
be exhibited, which of the following is a painting that
CANNOT then be exhibited?
(A)F
(B)G
(C)H
(D)S
(E)T

Questions 16-22

In each of the five consecutive days of a cooks’ con-
tention, exactly one of five well-known cooks―G, H, J,
K, and L―will cook a demonstration meal.Each of the
five cooks will cook exactly one of the five meals.The
schedule for the cooks is constrained by the following
conditions:

H cannot cook on any of the first three days.
L must cook on one of the days before the day on
which H cooks.
J must cook on one of the days before the day on
which G cooks.
G must cook on one of the days before the day on
which K cooks.

16.Which of the following can be the order, from first to
fifth, in which the five cooks cook the meals?
(A)G, K, L, J, H
(B)J, G, K, H, L
(C)J, G, K, L, H
(D)J, K, G, L, H
(E)L, J, H, K, G


17.If K cooks the fourth meal, which of the following
must be true?
(A)G cooks on the third day.
(B)H cooks on the fifth day.
(C)J cooks on the first day.
(D)J cooks on the second day.
(E)L cooks on the third day.

18.Which of the following can be true?
(A)G cooks the first meal.
(B)J cooks the fourth meal.
(C)L cooks the fifth meal.
(D)H cooks on some day before G cooks.
(E)L cooks on some day after K cooks.
19.If G cooks a meal on some day before L does, then it 


must be true that
(A)G cooks the second meal
(B)J cooks the third meal
(C)H cooks the fourth meal
(D)K cooks the fifth meal
(E)L cooks the fourth meal

20.If J does not cook on the first day, then it must be
true that
(A)G does not cook the third meal
(B)H does not cook the fourth meal
(C)J does not cook the second meal
(D)L does not cook the third meal
(E)K does not cook the fifth meal

21.If H does not cook the fifth meal, which of the fol-
lowing must be true?
(A)G cooks the second meal.
(B)J cooks the first meal.
(C)J cooks the second meal.
(D)K cooks the fifth meal.
(E)L cooks the first meal.

22.If G cooks the third meal, which of the following
is true?
(A)L is the only one of the five cooks who can
cook the first meal.
(B)J is the only one of the five cooks who can
cook the second meal.
(C)Any one of exactly three of the five cooks can
cook the second meal.
(D)K is the only one of the five cooks who can
cook the fourth meal.
(E)Either one of exactly two of the five cooks can
cook the fifth meal.

23.Which of the following most logically completes the
argument below?

In recent years, the proportion of car buyers who buy
new cars rather than used cars has declined.Some
consumers have attributed this change to an increase
in new-car prices.As evidence of the price increase,
they cite figures that show that, even adjusting for
inflation, the price that the buyer of a new car pays,
on average, is far higher now than a few years ago.
This evidence is unpersuasive, however, because
(A)the value of a car that is bought new declines
much more rapidly than does the value of a
car that is bought used
(B)after someone has bought a car, it might be
several years before that person next buys
a car
(C)a decline in the proportion of car buyers who
buy new cars must necessarily mean that the
proportion who buy used cars has increased
(D)the relative increase in used-car sales might be
explained by the decisions of only a small
proportion of all car buyers
(E)the change in the average price paid for a new
car could result solely from more people’s
rejecting inexpensive new cars in favor of used
cars

24.In Bassaria a group of that country’s most senior
judges has criticized the uniform mandatory sentences
recently introduced for certain specific crimes.The
judges argue that such sentences, by depriving them
of all discretion in setting sentences, make it impos-
sible for them to consider either aggravating or exten-
uating circumstances and so make it impossible to
achieve true justice―the fitting of the severity of the
punishment to the gravity of the particular crime.
Which of the following, if true, provides the strongest
evidence for the claim that in Bassaria the newly
introduced mandatory sentences are not necessarily a
change for the worse with respect to achieving true
justice as defined in the argument?
(A)Before mandatory sentencing, judges in eastern
Bassaria imposed strikingly different sentences
from those in western Bassaria for equally
grave instances of the same kind of offense.
(B)In Bassaria the frequency of crimes that have
been made subject to mandatory sentences is
lower now than it was just prior to the intro-
duction of mandatory sentencing.
(C)The law introducing mandatory sentences was
passed in the legislature of Bassaria by a large
majority and is unlikely to be repealed in the
foreseeable future.
(D)There used to be a wide difference between the
minimum and the maximum sentences allowed
by law in cases of crimes now subject to man-
datory sentences.


(E)In Bassaria judges are appointed for life and are
thus not easily influenced by political pressure
groups.

25.Each of two particular inspection systems that are based
on different principles would detect all product flaws but
would also erroneously reject three percent of flawless
products.Assuming there is no overlap between the
products erroneously rejected by the two systems and
also no interference between the systems if both operate,
using both systems and rejecting only those products
found flawed by both would be a way of avoiding all
erroneous rejections.

Which of the following most precisely characterizes the
reasoning in the argument?
(A)The reasoning is conclusive, that is, the conclusion
cannot be false if the statements offered in its
support are true.
(B)The reasoning is strong but not conclusive, if the
statements offered in support of the conclusion are
true, they provide good grounds for that conclu-
sion, though it is possible that additional infor-
mation might weaken the argument.
(C)The reasoning is weak; the statements offered in
support of the conclusion, though relevant to it,
by themselves provide at best inadequate grounds for the conclusion.
(D)The reasoning is flawed in that the conclusion is no
more than a paraphrase of one of the pieces of
evidence offered in its support.
(E)The reasoning is flawed in that the argument treats
evidence that a factor is necessary to bring about
an event as if it were evidence that the factor is
sufficient to bring about that event.


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