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重点诠释

所谓三段式就是将一篇书面表达按三段的写作模式谋篇布局。三段式的模式写法通常为:

1.第一段开门见山,提出要解决的问题或观点,或者把时间、地点、人物和主要事情及时点出。

2.第二段要摆出事实或提出论据,或者把事情发展的经过详细写出来。

3.最后一段,得出结论或理由。

注意:要学会使用过渡词。过渡词犹如“桥梁”和“粘合剂”。恰当地使用过渡词可避免结构松散,层次不明,表意不清等弊端,使文章条理清楚,文字连贯流畅。常用的过渡词有:

递进型:besides,what’s more,let alone,worse still,moreover,even,furthermore等;

解释型:that is (to say),in other words,or等;

转折型:however,but,yet,although,otherwise,instead,on the contrary等;

列举型:firstly...secondly...finally,on the one hand,on the other hand等;

举例型:for example,for instance,such as,that is,like,take...for example等;

因果型:because (of),since,therefore,as a result,thanks to,thus,due to等;

让步型:though,although,in spite of,despite等;

顺序型:first...next...and then...finally,first...then...after that...finally等;

并列型:and,or,also,as well as等;

时间型:afterwards,soon,later,the moment,hardly...when...,no sooner...than...等;

总结型:in conclusion,in a word,to sum up,in short,on the whole等;

见解型:in my opinion,personally speaking,as far as I am concerned等。

以上写作模式可时常运用于实际的写作过程中,只要我们把握好写作技巧和模式,书面表达能力的提高也就指日可待了。

写作典例

假设你是李越,你的加拿大笔友Steve来信说,他和他的一些同学正在学中文,请你推荐两本学中文的词典。根据下表提供的信息,请你给他写一封回信。

注意:1.词数:100左右;

2.参考词汇:推荐renetmend;英汉词典The English-Chinese Dictionary (ECD);新华字典Xinhua Dictionary (XD)。

Dear Steve,

____________________________________________________________

Yours,

Li Yue

案例分析

此篇书面表达属于实物说明文,其篇章结构可按三段式进行写作。本文的第一段,可用直接的叙述“I’m so pleased to learn that you and your classmates are learning Chinese”。正文即可作为第二段,其主要内容是对两本词典的一些介绍。结束语即可作为第三段。应将两本词典的特点表达准确,以便加拿大笔友Steve做出合理选择。表达时,文章的基本时态可考虑用一般现在时。

高分范文

Dear Steve,

I’m so pleased to learn that you and your classmates are learning Chinese.

I’d like to renetmend the following two dictionaries.The English-Chinese Dictionary is really a good one for beginners.It has 18,000 English words and 20,000 Chinese words.Besides plenty of examples,it has many notes telling you how to use a word.Xinhua Dictionary is the most popular Chinese dictionary,and it has a vocabulary of 10,000 words.It may also be useful to some advanced learners of Chinese.Of the two,ECD is more expensive.It costs 52 yuan,and XD costs 11 yuan.
Please let me know if you want me to buy one for you.

Yours,

Li Yue

针对训练

有些人认为有必要

另一些人认为没有必要

1.跟老师学比自学

2.可以巩固课堂所学

3.可以学到更多知识

1.容易养成依赖的习惯

2.学生需要时间休息

3.都以赢利为目的

当前,越来越多的中学生利用周末时间参加各种培训班或请家教。对于这种现象,存在两种不同的观点。请根据内容提示写一篇短文,并简要阐述自己的观点。

注意:1.文章开头已为你写好;

2.用十句作文法和三段式表达;

3.为使行文连贯,可适当增加细节;

4.词数:100左右。

Is a Training Class or Family Teacher Necessary?

More and more middle school students are going to all kinds of training classes or having family teachers at weekends.There are two different viewpoints about it.

__________________________________________________________

【参考答案】

Is a Training Class or Family Teacher Necessary?

More and more middle school students are going to all kinds of training classes or having family teachers at weekends.There are two different viewpoints about it.
Some think it necessary.First of all,it’s more effective to study with a teacher than by themselves.Secondly,it can strengthen what they have learnt in class.Besides,they can learn a lot more.Others think it unnecessary.For one thing,students can easily form the habit of dependence.For another,students need time to relax from time
to time.What’s more,the purpose of many training classes and family teachers is to make money.

In my opinion,whether a training class or family teacher is needed just depends.Do be sure to choose a good and suitable class or teacher,otherwise it would be a waste of time and money.


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