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求学网 >> English >> CET词汇

四级语法倒装结构解析


  一、虚拟条件句中的倒装

  例1:________for my illness, I would have lent him a helping hand. (CET-4, 1995/1)

  A) Not being B) Had it not been

  C) Without being D) Not having been

  本题答案为B).本句意思是:要是我没有生病,我肯定会给他帮助的.从主句的谓语可以看出,本题是过去时的虚拟语气,从句谓语应该用过去完成时.由于省略了连词if ,所以将 had 移到句首构成倒装结构.

  例2:________before we depart the day after tomorrow, we should have a wonderful dinner party. (CET-4, 1997/1)

  A) Had they arrived

  B) Would they arrive

  C) Were they arriving

  D) Were they to arrive

  本题答案为D).本句是将来时的虚拟语气,这点从从句的时间状语the day after tomorrow 可以看出.因此从句的谓语应用should或were to+ 动词原形.由于从句省略了连词if,就应将should或were移到句首,形成倒装.

  二、表示否定意义的词或词组位于句首

  例1:We have been told that under no circumstances________the telephone in the office for personal affairs. (CET-4, 1999/6)

  A) may we use B) we may use C) we could use D) did we use

  本题答案为A).本句中的否定短语under no circumstances位于宾语从句句首,句子需要用倒装 ,故B)和C)错误,D)项时态不对.本句意思是:我们被告之,在任何情况下都不能因私事而使用办公室的电话.

  例2:Not until the game had begun______at the sports ground. (CET-4, 2000/6)

  A) should he have arrived

  B) had he arrived

  C) did he arrive

  D) would he have arrived

  本题答案为C).本句将not until置于句首,主句要倒装.由于从句用的是过去完成时,因此主句应用一般过去时.本句意思是:直到比赛开始了,他才到运动场.

  三、让步状语从句的倒装

  例如:________, he does get annoyed with her sometimes.( CET-4, 2000/6)

  A) As he likes her much

  B) Although much he likes her

  C) Much as he likes her

  D) Much although he likes her

  本题答案为C).本句是由as引导的让步状语从句,需要使用倒装语序,将状语放到句首,故C)正确.本句意思是:虽然他很喜欢她,但他有时候也觉得她很讨厌.

  四、only位于句首的倒装

  例如:Only under special circumstances ______to take make-up tests. (CET-4, 1997/6)

  A) are freshmen permitted

  B) freshmen are permitted

  C) permitted are freshmen

  D) are permitted freshmen

  本题答案为A).以" only + 副词(介词短语、状语从句)"开头的句子需要用倒装结构,B)和C)没有用倒装结构,而D)却用了错误的倒装结构.本句的意思是:一年级的学生只有在特殊情况下才允许补考.

  五、neither, nor, so等位于句首的倒装

  例如:I could not persuade him to accept it,________make him see the importance of it. (CET-4, 1995/1)

  A) if only I could not

  B) no more than I could

  C) or I could not

  D) nor could I

  本题答案为D).本句是考查nor引导的倒装结构,nor表示"也不"的意思.本句意思是:我无法说服他接受它,我也无法让他认识到这件事的重要性.

  六、为了保持句子平衡而使用的倒装

  英语句子有时候会出现主语太长而谓语太短的情况,为了保持句子平衡,或者为了使句子与前文衔接紧凑,常常将谓语和状语一起放在主语之前.有时为了强调,将某一成分移到句首,因而形成倒装结构.

  例1:They erected a bronze tablet on which was carved "The Yellow River Source".他们立了一块铜牌,上面写着"黄河之源".

  例2: The girl who loves him so deeply finds herself unable to forgive his mistake. Around this point develops the sketch, which is humorous and full of a strong local flavor. 那个深爱他的女孩觉得她不能原谅他的错误.围绕这一点就写成了这一短剧.它不但幽默,而且充满了浓郁的地方风味.

  练习:

  1. ________for your help, I wouldn't have got what I have today.

  A) It were not B) Were it not

  C) If were not D) Were not it

  2. He didn't watch TV last week, ________did his younger sister.

  A) or B) and C) but D) neither

  3. ______on the ground was an old man aged nearly 60.

  A) Lying B) Laying

  C) Laid D) Slept

  4. ______do we hear fine singing from school choirs.

  A) Seldom B) Not

  C) Almost D) Rather

  5. Only after you have received the telephone ________the time of his arrival.

  A) know you

  B) you ought to know

  C) can you know

  D) you can know

  答案: 1.B 2.D 3.A 4. A 5.C


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