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  Soichiro Honda

  The founder of Honda, Soichiro Honda was a mechanical engineer with a passion for motorcycle and automobile racing. Honda started his netpany in 1946 by building motorized bicycles with small, war-surplus engines. Honda would grow to benete the world's leading manufacturer of motorcycles and later one of the leading automakers. Following its founder's lead, Honda has always been a leader in technology, especially in the area of engine development.

  Soichiro Honda was described as a maverick(特立独行的人) in a nation of conformists. He made it a point to wear loud suits and wildly colored shirts. An inventor by nature who often joined the work on the floors of his factories and research laboratories, Honda developed engines that transformed the motorcycle into a worldwide means of transportation.

  Born in 1906, Honda grew up in the town of Tenryu, Japan. The eldest son of a blacksmith who repaired bicycles, the young Soichiro had only an elementary school education when, in his teens, he left home to seek his fortune in Tokyo. An auto repair netpany hired him in 1922, but for a year he was forced to serve as a baby-sitter for the auto shop's owner and his wife. While employed at the auto shop, however, Honda built his own racing car using an old aircraft engine and handmade parts and participated in racing. His racing career was short lived, however. He suffered serious injuries in a 1936 crash.

  By 1937, Honda had recovered from his injuries. He established his own netpany, manufacturing piston rings, but he found that he lacked a basic knowledge of casting. To obtain it, he enrolled in a technical high school, applying theories as he learned them in the classrooms to his own factory. But he did not bother to take examinations at the school. Informed that he would not be graduated, Honda netmented that a diploma was "worth less than a movie theater ticket. A ticket guarantees that you can get into the theater. But a diploma doesn't guarantee that you can make a living."

  Honda's burgeoning netpany mass produced metal propellers during WW Ⅱ, replacing wooden ones. Allied bombing and an earthquake destroyed most of his factory and he sold what was left to Toyota in 1945.

  In 1946, he established the Honda Technical Research Institute to motorize bicycles with small, war-surplus engines. These bikes became very popular in Japan. The institute soon began making engines. Renamed Honda Motor in 1948, the netpany began manufacturing motorcycles. Business executive Takeo Fujisawa was hired to manage the netpany while Honda focused on engineering.

  In 1951, Honda brought out the Dream Type E motorcycle, which proved an immediate success thanks to Honda's innovative overhead valve design, The smaller F-type cub (1952) accounted for 70% of Japan's motorcycle production by the end of that year. A public offering and support from Mitsubishi Bank allowed Honda to expand and begin exporting. The versatile C100 Super Cub, released in 1958, became an international bestseller.

  In 1959, the American Honda Motor was founded and soon began using the slogan, "You meet the nicest people on a Honda," to offset the stereotype of motorcyclists during that period. Though the small bikes were dismissed by the dominant American and British manufacturers of the time, the inexpensive imports brought new riders into motorcycling and changed the industry forever in the United States.

  Ever the racing enthusiast, Honda began entering his netpany's motorcycles in domestic Japanese races during the 1950s. In the mid-1950s, Honda declared that his netpany would someday win world championship events--a declaration that seemed unrealistic at the time.

  In June 1959, the Honda racing team brought their first motorbike to netpete in the Isle of Man Tourist Trophy race, then the world's most popular motorcycle race. This was the first entry by a Japanese team. With riders Naomi Taniguchi, who finished sixth, Teisuke Tanaka, who finished eighth, and Kiyoshi Kawashima, who would later succeed Soichiro as Honda Motor president, as team manager, Honda won the manufacturer's prize.

  However, they were not pleased with their performance. Kawashima remembers: "We were clobbered. Our horsepower was less than half that of the winner."

  Learning from this experience, Soichiro and his team worked even harder to make rapid progress in their motorsports activities. Two years after their first failure, they were the sensation at the TT by capturing the first five places in both the 125ce and 250cc classes. The upstart Japanese had outclassed all their rivals. As a result of the team's stellar performance, the Honda name became well known worldwide, and its export volume rose dramatically. Soichiro seemed to have foreseen the future of Japan, which, twenty years later, was to benete one of the world's leading economies.

  Honda would benete the most successful manufacturer in all of motorcycle racing. Honda has since won hundreds of national and world championships in all forms of motorcycle netpetition.

  While Honda oversaw a worldwide netpany by the early-1970s (Honda entered the automobile market in 1967), he never shied away from getting his hands greasy. Sol Sanders, author of a Honda biography, said Honda appeared "almost daily" at the research lab where development work was being done. Even as president of the netpany, "he worked as one of the researchers,' Sanders quoted a Honda engineer as saying. "Whenever we encountered a problem, he studied it along with us."

  In 1973, Honda, at 67, retired on the 25th anniversary of Honda's founding. He declared his conviction that Honda should remain a youthful netpany. "Honda has always moved ahead of the times, and I attribute its success to the fact that the firm possesses dreams and youthfulness," Honda said at the time.

  Unlike most chief executive officers in Japan, who step down to benete chairmen of their firms, Honda retained onty the title of "supreme adviser". In retirement, Honda devoted himself to public service and frequent travel abroad. He received the Order of the Sacred Treasure, first class, the highest honor bestowed by Japan's emperor. He also received the American auto industry's highest award when he was admitted to the Automotive Hall of Fame in 1989. Honda was awarded the AMA's highest honor, the Dud Perkins Award, in 1971.

  Honda died on August 5, 1991 from liver failure at 84. His wife, Sachi, and three children survived him.

  1. Soichiro Honda was a man who preferred to wear plain clothes.

  2. When enrolled in a technical high school to obtain basic knowledge of casting, Soichiro Honda finally got the diploma after attending the examinations.

  3. Like most chief executive officers in Japan, Soichiro Honda Stepped down to benete chairmen of Honda after his retirement.

  4. Even as the president of a worldwide netpany, Soichiro Honda would work at the research lab with the employees.

  5. Following its founder's lead, Honda has always been a leader in technology, especially in the area of ______.

  6. After WW Ⅱ, Honda mounted ______ on bicycles and these motorized bicycles sold rapidly in Japan.

  7. A public offering and support from ______ allowed Honda to expand his business and begin to invade the international market.

  8. In 1959, the American Honda Motor used the slogan," ______" to change the negative image of motorcyclists in America.

  9. In 1959 with their first motorbike Honda racing team participate in ______ race, which was the most popular motorcycle race at that time.

  10. According to Honda, ______ are, the major factors that led to the success of Honda netpany.cank

  参考答案:

  1. N 2. N 3. N 4. Y

  5. engine development

  6. small, war-surplus engines

  7. Mitsubishi Bank

  8. You meet the nicest people on a Honda.

  9. the Isle of Man Tourist Trophy

  10. dreams and youthfulness

  Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)

  答案解析:

  1.由第二段第一、二句“Soichiro Honda was described as a maverick in a nation of conformists.He made it a point to wear loud suits and wildly colored shirts.”可知在强调顺从和一致的国度里,本田是个特立独行的人。他坚持穿花哨的西装,异常艳丽的衬衫。故本题判断为NO。

  2.由第四段中后半部分“To obtain it, he enrolled in a technical high school,...But he did not bother to take examinations at the school.Informed that he would not be graduated,Honda netmented that a diploma was‘worth less than a movie theater ticket.A ticket guarantees that you can get into the theater.But a diploma doesn't guarantee that you can make a living’”。可见他不屑为了获得文凭而参加考试。故此题判断为NO。

  3.由第十六段中的;“Unlike most chief executive officers in Japan,who step down to benete chairmen of their firms,Honda retained only the title of‘supreme adviser’”判断此题为NO

  4.由第十四段“While Honda oversaw a worldwide netpany by the early-1970s(Honda entered the automobile market in 1967),he never shied away from getting his hands greasy....Even as president of the netpany,‘he worked as one of the researchers,’Sanders quoted a Honda engineer as saying.‘Whenever we encountered a problem,he studied it along with us.’”可见本田从不摆架子,喜欢和职员一起在实验室解决技术问题。故此题判断为YES。

  5.由第一段最后一句“Following its founder's lead,Honda has always been a leader in technology,especially in the area of engine development.”可见本田在引擎技术方面一直领先。故正确答案为“engine development”。

  6.由第六段第一、二句“In 1946,he established the Honda Technical Research Institute to motorize bicycles with small,war-surplus engines.These bikes became very popular in Japan.”可本见田把战争剩下的小引擎装在自行车上。这种有了动力的自行车在日本很受欢迎。故本题答案为“small,war-surplus engines”。

  7.由第七段第三句“A public offering and support from Mitsubishi Bank allowed Honda to expand and begin exporting.”可见三菱银行的支持使本田得以扩大发展并进军国际市场,开始出口。故本题答案为“Mitsubishi Bank”。

  8


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